Section 1
  • The introduction to your research paper needs to have both a “hook” and a research question.
  • Help your reader to understand why your topic is meaningful or important. 
  • State your thesis at the end of the introduction.

Introduction

Use or adapt any of these options to write your hook:


Option 1: Renowned researcher/philosopher/expert/politician X once said that “[quotation related to your topic]”


Option 2: Did you know that [insert fascinating statistic about your topic e.g. "Did you know that 9 out 10 teenagers….."].


Option 3: A nationwide poll conducted by X revealed that [interesting statistic about topic e.g. "Less than 2% of Americans..."]



Use or adapt any of these options to state relevance of your topic:


Option 1: [My Topic] is relevant in [culture/society/academics] because of its impact on [paraphrase the importance or impact  of your topic].

 

Option 2: The study of [name branch of study] is incomplete without considering the important role of [my 

Thesis Statements: summarizes the main point of the essay. End of the paper's introductory paragraph.


Analytical Thesis: 

 

An analysis of [your topic] reveals several challenges/insights: [state 1 or more challenges/insights your will analyze in the essay].



Section 2

In this paragraph, you introduce a first piece of research you found which provides further information pertaining to your research question. 

First Claim Paragraph

Use or adapt any of these options to support your thesis:


Option: [Name of expert] supports [my thesis] in his/her publication [name book or article.] There, [name of expert] writes that “[insert quotation that supports your thesis.]”


Option: Experts who have studied this issue have found that [summarize evidence in support of your thesis.]

Option: In his/her book, __________, X maintains that [summarize evidence in support of your thesis.]

Option: As the prominent philosopher/expert/researcher/celebrity X puts it, “[insert quote in support of your thesis.]”

Option: A recent study found that [summarize evidence in support of your thesis.]

Section 3

In this paragraph, you introduce a second piece of research you found which provides further information to answer your topic question.

Second Claim Paragraph

Use or adapt any of these options to support your thesis:


Option:  Further, several experts have weighed in on the subject including [name expert] who said that “[insert quotation that supports your thesis.]”

Option: To further substantiate the previous claim, another prominent example of [my thesis] can be found in [describe an event/ experience/statistic/fact that supports your thesis.]

Option: Another fact that substantiates my thesis is [describe an event/ experience/statistic/fact that supports your thesis.]

Section 4

In this paragraph, you introduce a third piece of research you found which provides further information to answer your topic question.

Third Claim Paragaph

Use or adapt any of these options to support your thesis:


Option: Yet another proof of [your thesis] can be found in X’s book/work/research, where he/she maintains that [summarize evidence in support of your thesis.]

Option: Adding further weight to previous claims is philosopher/expert/researcher/celebrity’s position on the issue who famously said that “[insert quote in support of your thesis.]”

Section 5

In this paragraph, you introduce a fourth piece of research you found which provides further information to answer your topic question. You may wish to choose a piece of research that provides a much different perspective on the issue. 

Fourth Claim Paragraph

Use or adapt any of these options to support your thesis:


Option: Finally, experts who have studied this issue have found that [summarize evidence in support of your thesis.]


Option: Even more evidence in support of my thesis, can be found in [researcher/expert/philosopher/scientist]’s work, where he/she/they maintain that [evidence in support of your thesis].


Section 6

The closing statement needs to address the research question and provide final evidence to wrap up any loose ends. The conclusion must give a sense of why the issue is relevant or important. 

Closing Statement

Use or adapt any of these options to conclude your paper/essay:

 

Option 1: In light of the claims presented in previous sections, it follows that [restate thesis in different words].

 

Option 2: To sum up, [restate your thesis] because [summarize main points of body paragraphs in 1 or 2 sentences].

 

Option 3: With so much evidence in support of [restate thesis], it is unrealistic to believe otherwise.

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