Legal Brief IRAC Format Back to all templates
Section 1

- Articulate the party's claim and introduce the theory of the case by referring to the case facts

- Identify the parties

- Include any procedural history

Introduction (or Preliminary Statement)

Section 2

- Develop a narrative that will be easy to follow for a reader who is unfamiliar with the case

- Include all legally significant and relevant background facts. Especially include facts that have an emotional resonance for the party that you represent

- Include the facts that you use in the Argument.  Remove legal conclusions and editorializing

- Present and develop the theory of the case

Statement of Facts

Section 3

- Combine the legal claim and controlling legal standard with the legally significant facts that raise the legal issue

- Frame the question to suggest an affirmative answer

- Present a short statement of the legal and factual theory of the case (if applicable)

Summary of Argument

Section 4

- Articulate an important legal issue or question

- Phrase the issue statement in a way that parallels the structure and key facts in the conclusion

- Explore the issue using the IRAC structure: Issue - Rule - Application - Conclusion

Argument: Issue

Section 5

- Relate all the components of the rule to the facts of the case that you are arguing

- Demonstrate how underlying policy objectives in the law are met if the court accepts the application of law to fact

- Illustrate the theory of the case

Argument: Rule

Section 6

- Relate all the components of the rule to the facts of the case that you are arguing

- Demonstrate how underlying policy objectives in the law are met if the court accepts the application of law to fact

- Illustrate the theory of the case

Application of Rule

Section 7

Conclusion statement at the end of the discussion should contain language that refers to the previous sections. It should read as the natural concluding statement of your application section.

Argument: Conclusion

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